Directors of the “big four” intactivist organizations consults with Smartmeme (now Center for Story-Based Strategy) in San Francisco to develop unified messages for the movement. In attendance are meeting organizer Dan Bollinger, ICGI; Steven Svoboda, ARC; Marilyn Milos, NOCIRC; and John Geisheker, DOC. Also attending are Mark Reiss and Georganne Chapin. Smartmeme’s in-depth review of the four organizations reveals that their disparate strategies, tactics, and messages do not present a unified front and are confusing for supporters. This insight paves the way for a revitalization of intactivism.

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