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Dear Dr. Remley

 by Georganne Chapin

Just about a year ago, after an article published in the journal Pediatrics called for minimizing painful medical procedures in children, Intact America launched a petition. As of last week, more than 12,000 people had signed that petition, demanding that the AAP tell its member pediatricians to “End the Pain,” and stop circumcising baby boys.

The petition and our demand were further bolstered by an odd piece published in the April 2016 issue of that same journal, Pediatrics, by pediatric urologist Andrew Freedman. If his name sounds familiar to you, perhaps it’s because Freedman, in addition to being a member of the AAP’s Circumcision Task Force that in 2012 published the Academy’s revised policy on the subject of foreskin removal, made headlines by openly talking about circumcising his own son on his parents’ (the boy’s grandparents’) kitchen table.

Freedman’s April 2016 statement sought to “clarify” the meaning of the 2012 Report’s “benefits outweigh the risks” position. According to Freedman, the report wasn’t really talking about the medical benefits of forced foreskin removal from babies who cannot consent, but rather the overall benefits, “given the role of the phallus in our culture….” What’s important, he says, is that parents who choose circumcision for their boys should have “access” to the procedure, in the form of third-party (Medicaid or private insurance) payment (to doctors and hospitals, of course).

Clearly, there’s a lot more we could say here. But for now, we want to thank those of you who signed the petition and tell you that, together with the 12,160 signatures, it’s been forwarded to Dr. Karen Remley, Chief Executive Officer of the AAP. You can see my  letter to Dr. Remley below. We will keep you posted on the AAP’s response.


March 2, 2017

Karen Remley, MD, MBA, MPH, FAAP
CEO/Executive Director
The American Academy of Pediatrics
141 Northwest Point Boulevard
Elk Grove Village, IL 60007-1098

Dear Dr. Remley:

A year ago, the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Fetus and Newborn and Section on Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine published “Prevention and Management of Procedural Pain in the Neonate: An Update” in the February 2016 issue of Pediatrics. The study prompted the AAP to call for hospitals to minimize the number of painful procedures performed on newborns.

Unfortunately, the AAP did not take the next logical step: acknowledging that the painful and medically unnecessary circumcision of baby boys should cease.

Today, Intact America is submitting to you a petition, signed by more than 11,000 men and women, asking the AAP to take that step and call for your members to stop circumcising baby boys.

For every signature we received, we know there are dozens of other Americans who believe that circumcision needlessly subjects our baby boys to excruciating pain and robs them of a part of their anatomy that is important to their future sexual health.

As the AAP itself acknowledges, routine circumcision is not medically necessary. (Source: “Should the Baby Be Circumcised?,” on the AAP’s HealthyChildren.org website.) Yet, the public perception persists that the AAP recommends the procedure—a perception refuted in a 2016 commentary by Andrew Freedman, MD, pediatric urologist and a member of the Circumcision Task Force that formulated the Academy’s 2012 statement.

“To many, especially in the lay press, [the 2012 AAP statement] was interpreted as moving the needle from a neutral stance… to being pro-circumcision,” Dr. Freedman wrote in, “The Circumcision Debate: Beyond Benefits and Risks,” published in the April 2016 Pediatrics. However, Dr. Freedman explained, the statement’s actual point was that “the procedure’s benefits justify access to this procedure for families who choose it.” (Emphasis added.)

Regarding infant circumcision, parental choice is determined more by culture than health concerns, Dr. Freedman further noted. “Most circumcisions are done due to religious and cultural tradition. In the West, although parents may use the conflicting medical literature to buttress their own beliefs and desires, for the most part, parents choose what they want for a wide variety of nonmedical reasons.”

The AAP should not be complicit in encouraging parents to make a cultural decision under the pretense of science. The AAP must publicly recognize, in an official communication, that an erroneous perception exists and that the AAP does not and has never recommended circumcision as a medical necessity. The AAP also must ask pediatricians to inform parents accordingly. We urge you to take such action.

We also ask that the AAP educate its member pediatricians about the role of the foreskin in (1) protecting the glans, and (2) sexual pleasure—two major benefits not acknowledged in the 2012 assessment of benefits and risks.

In addition, we ask that you correct the mistaken assertion in the 2012 Task Force Report that a boy’s foreskin will usually separate from the glans by 2-4 months of age; while expert opinion on the average age of spontaneous foreskin retraction varies wildly around the world, the AAP’s own HealthyChildren.org says, “Most boys will be able to retract their foreskins by the time they are 5 years old, yet others will not be able to until the teen years.”[1] (The Pediatric Society of New Zealand says “by age 18”[2]; the British Association of Urological Surgeons says “by age 10.”[3] A Danish medical survey found the mean age of first foreskin retraction to be 10.4 years.[4])

We believe that your members should be advised that forcible retraction of a boy’s foreskin is never indicated, because the age of spontaneous retraction is variable and might not occur until late adolescence. It is important that the AAP correct the record, because many American health professionals are unfamiliar with the normal intact male penis, and believe that it is necessary to force separation of the foreskin from the glans —potentially causing boys extreme pain and—potentially—lasting physical damage.

Finally, as our enclosed petition demonstrates, we continue to ask you to tell pediatricians to end the pain, and stop circumcising baby boys.

Both the American Academy of Pediatrics and Intact America share a common goal – protecting the health and wellbeing of children. We can and should work together toward that goal.


Georganne Chapin, MPhil, JD
Executive Director

[1] https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/baby/bathing-skin-care/Pages/Care-for-an-Uncircumcised-Penis.aspx

[2] http://www.kidshealth.org.nz/foreskin-care

[3] http://www.baus.org.uk/patients/conditions/13/tight_foreskin_phimosis

[4] Thorvaldsen MA, Meyhoff H. Patologisk eller fysiologisk fimose? [Phimosis: Pathological or physiological?] Ugeskr Læger. 2005;167(17):1858- 62.



  • Robin

    March 7, 2017 9:59 pm

    Awesome letter, thanks!!

  • Pratt

    March 8, 2017 2:19 pm

    Circumcision does not seem to have been a problem for at least a couple of thousand years. Now it has been made into a problem. While I do not deny the right of some group to form an opinion of any issue, I am not certain that circumcision is anywhere near the problem it is purported to be. In my opinion a far greater problem including infant pain is the matter of abortion. Why not use your energy and initiatives on fighting a real issue: that of brutally murdering defenseless infants. No, I am not preaching any religious belief. Yes, I am calling attention to the deliberate murder of unborn infants. Ask anyone who cannot conceive what the personal value of a baby is. Economically speaking consider the negative results of the huge number of murdered infants upon the economy for all products and services.

    • Anthony

      March 9, 2017 7:53 am

      What a moron.

    • Daniel Rold

      November 9, 2017 11:17 pm

      You are an IDIOT!!!! Name the structure and function of the foreskin???? YOU CANT!!!

    • Daniel Rold

      November 9, 2017 11:19 pm

      Slavery wasn’t a problem for thousands of years. Does that make you want to sign up to be a slave??? IDIOT!!!

  • Pratt

    March 13, 2017 11:51 am

    Anthony, please explain your comment ‘what a moron’?

    • Anthony

      October 21, 2017 7:13 pm

      Sorry for the delayed response but I didn’t know you had asked me a question until now. Your comment was moronic because it was comprised of assertions and opinions without any argument, reasoning or evidence.

      “Circumcision does not seem to have been a problem for at least a couple of thousand years.”

      How something *seems* to you is irrelevant. All that matters is the facts, of which you are obviously ignorant. Do some research.

      “Now it has been made into a problem.”

      Baseless assertion. Now the problem is being more widely recognised and spoken about.

      “While I do not deny the right of some group to form an opinion of any issue, I am not certain that circumcision is anywhere near the problem it is purported to be.”

      Again, what you are certain about is irrelevant. You are obviously ignorant on the issue. Male circumcision may not be a problem for you personally, but, again, that is irrelevant.

      “In my opinion a far greater problem including infant pain is the matter of abortion.”

      Again, your opinion is irrelevant unless it is supported with a logical argument.

      “Why not use your energy and initiatives on fighting a real issue: that of brutally murdering defenseless infants.”

      Baseless assertion that one issue is “real” and the other isn’t. Again, no argument provided. Obviously many people believe infant and child circumcision to be a real issue.

      “No, I am not preaching any religious belief. Yes, I am calling attention to the deliberate murder of unborn infants.”

      And intactivists are calling attention to the deliberate mutilation of infants.

      “Ask anyone who cannot conceive what the personal value of a baby is.”

      Ask any sexually active intact man what the personal value of his foreskin is. Ask anyone damaged by circumcision what the personal value of the operation is to them.

      “Economically speaking consider the negative results of the huge number of murdered infants upon the economy for all products and services.”

      This statement is just bizarre.

  • Sanford (Sandy) D'Esopo

    March 20, 2017 11:17 am

    Come now, Pratt. Abortion and circumcision are completely unrelated. Comparing apples to oranges only clouds both issues.

  • larryzb

    October 21, 2017 2:21 pm

    Sadly, abortion will not end until women – en masse – reject it. But, those who decry circumcision and do not also condemn abortion are being arbitrary as to which rights of children they will speak up for.

    • Anthony

      October 21, 2017 7:23 pm

      Some intactivists are ‘pro life’ and some aren’t. Some doubtless take a more nuanced perspective of the abortion issue.

      I can understand why people condemn abortion (especially late-term abortion) and I think abortion is a regrettable and painful choice. However, the abortion debate is inextricably enmeshed with the philosophical question of when life begins, if indeed it begins at all. The answer to this question may result in different perspectives on abortion. The circumcision debate is also inextricably enmeshed with a philosophical question, that of where a parent’s rights end and a child’s rights begin. If you believe that people should have self-determination over their own bodies (as most people do when considering female genitals) then you will naturally be against infant and child circumcision (absent genuine medical indication).

  • Daniel Rold

    November 9, 2017 11:15 pm

    We are begging cowards to stop mutilating and sexually knife molesting babies? What planet am I on? I’m not from this species.

Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time.


Marilyn Fayre Milos, multiple award winner for her humanitarian work to end routine infant circumcision in the United States and advocating for the rights of infants and children to genital autonomy, has written a warm and compelling memoir of her path to becoming “the founding mother of the intactivist movement.” Needing to support her family as a single mother in the early sixties, Milos taught banjo—having learned to play from Jerry Garcia (later of The Grateful Dead)—and worked as an assistant to comedian and social critic Lenny Bruce, typing out the content of his shows and transcribing court proceedings of his trials for obscenity. After Lenny’s death, she found her voice as an activist as part of the counterculture revolution, living in Haight Ashbury in San Francisco during the 1967 Summer of Love, and honed her organizational skills by creating an alternative education open classroom (still operating) in Marin County. 

After witnessing the pain and trauma of the circumcision of a newborn baby boy when she was a nursing student at Marin College, Milos learned everything she could about why infants were subjected to such brutal surgery. The more she read and discovered, the more convinced she became that circumcision had no medical benefits. As a nurse on the obstetrical unit at Marin General Hospital, she committed to making sure parents understood what circumcision entailed before signing a consent form. Considered an agitator and forced to resign in 1985, she co-founded NOCIRC (National Organization of Circumcision Information Resource Centers) and began organizing international symposia on circumcision, genital autonomy, and human rights. Milos edited and published the proceedings from the above-mentioned symposia and has written numerous articles in her quest to end circumcision and protect children’s bodily integrity. She currently serves on the board of directors of Intact America.


Georganne Chapin is a healthcare expert, attorney, social justice advocate, and founding executive director of Intact America, the nation’s most influential organization opposing the U.S. medical industry’s penchant for surgically altering the genitals of male children (“circumcision”). Under her leadership, Intact America has definitively documented tactics used by U.S. doctors and healthcare facilities to pathologize the male foreskin, pressure parents into circumcising their sons, and forcibly retract the foreskins of intact boys, creating potentially lifelong, iatrogenic harm. 

Chapin holds a BA in Anthropology from Barnard College, and a Master’s degree in Sociomedical Sciences from Columbia University. For 25 years, she served as president and chief executive officer of Hudson Health Plan, a nonprofit Medicaid insurer in New York’s Hudson Valley. Mid-career, she enrolled in an evening law program, where she explored the legal and ethical issues underlying routine male circumcision, a subject that had interested her since witnessing the aftermath of the surgery conducted on her younger brother. She received her Juris Doctor degree from Pace University School of Law in 2003, and was subsequently admitted to the New York Bar. As an adjunct professor, she taught Bioethics and Medicaid and Disability Law at Pace, and Bioethics in Dominican College’s doctoral program for advanced practice nurses.

In 2004, Chapin founded the nonprofit Hudson Center for Health Equity and Quality, a company that designs software and provides consulting services designed to reduce administrative complexities, streamline and integrate data collection and reporting, and enhance access to care for those in need. In 2008, she co-founded Intact America.

Chapin has published many articles and op-ed essays, and has been interviewed on local, national and international television, radio and podcasts about ways the U.S. healthcare system prioritizes profits over people’s basic needs. She cites routine (nontherapeutic) infant circumcision as a prime example of a practice that wastes money and harms boys and the men they will become. This Penis Business: A Memoir is her first book.